Producenci a odbiorcy mleka - współpraca ekonomiczna i organizacyjna
Producers and milk cooperatives - economc and organizational cooperation
Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych, Seria G, 2009, vol.96, nr 1, s. 121-129
W artykule przedstawiono niektóre aspekty współpracy między większymi producentami mleka a spółdzielniami mleczarskimi na podstawie wyników badań. Omówiono zagadnienia współpracy ekonomicznej, także w okresie trudności finansowych i organizacyjnych spółdzielni.
The purchase milk prices do not depend only on individual producer, but he should care about the highest quality and because of that achieve possibly the highest price and improve the production profitability. In the milk purchase on the bigger part of research area occurs a lack of competition in purchase between milk cooperatives. However some of the farms manage to change a receiver to achieve a higher price of sold milk. The farms with the lowest direct profitability index by five years of searching very seldom change the receiver, but the most effective do it very often. Accepting in the macro region the lowest purchase price on 100%, the highest price was 148,1%, so the difference was significant and could economically finish farms near a weak dairy, where did not exist competition in purchase or extra improve financial condition this farm which sell milk to entity offering the highest purchase price. The participation of farms with a direct sale decreased and at the end of researched period was 16,7%. The direct milk sale increase direct profitability of production. Specialized milk farms and their milk cooperatives should support each other on all economical areas and think together about high processed milk products both on the internal and external market. Making more and more attractive selling products could be a strong base of agreement in the area of optimal purchase price between cooperative and milk farms.